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There are no official exchanges for trading currencies; instead, currencies are traded in the over-the-counter market. Consequently, there is no official global exchange rate. An Introduction to Currency Pairs If you plan on getting involved in the Forex market, you will need to understand what currency pairs are and how they work. Here are the basics of currency pairs and how to use them in Forex trading. In order to properly read a Forex quote, you are going to need to understand the difference between the base and the quote currency.

reading forex quotes

On the contrary, a small difference between the bid and the ask price is observed in times of low volatility and high liquidity and creates more profitable terms for traders. Trading currency pairs are often conducted in the foreign exchange market. The forex market enables buying and selling, and conversion of currencies for international trade and investing.

It helps to remember that in any Forex quote, there will always be two currencies quoted. This is because when you make a trade on the foreign exchange you are in effect buying one currency and selling a second currency at the same time. Now, as we mentioned briefly before, when viewing forex euro currency stock quotes live you will notice that instead of one price there are two, the bid and ask price. To put matters simply, the bid price is the price that you will buy at and the ask price that you will sell at. Of course, these are in the base currency of the currency pair that you are using.

Learn about the various order types you’ll use to while trading on the forex markets. Currency pairs that don’t involve USD at all are called cross currencies, but the premise is the same. In other words, if a currency quote goes higher, the base currency is getting stronger. For these pairs, where USD is not the base currency, a rising quote means the US dollar is weakening and buys less of the other currency than before. Here, EUR is the base currency and USD is the quote currency.

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The spread of a currency pair can vary over a period of time. It must also be noted that there are certain times when spreads expectedly widen and these are times where it is thought to be dangerous to trade. Spread covers the broker’s commission and related trading fees. Spread is usually larger for emerging market pairs and smaller for widely traded currency pairs due to their huge trading volume. A higher spread can be caused by high volatility in the market, important events, or low liquidity.

reading forex quotes

Sign up for our mailing list to receive trading tips and promotions. For the top 25 most essential rules necessary to become a disciplined trader. But when someone asks about an item from you, they intend to have you sell it to them. There are specific names we give to each currency in a pair, instead of just calling them “the first and the second one”.


The major currency pairs tend to have the most liquid markets and trade 24 hours a day Monday through Thursday. The currency markets open on Sunday night and close on Friday at 5 p.m. A forex quote always consists of two currencies, a currency pair consisting of a base currency and a quote currency (sometimes called the «counter currency»). The first part of the pair is called the base currency, and the second is called the quote currency. Forex might look intimidating for those who have never tried currency trading before.

The bid price is how much the broker will pay for a currency. You can think of it as spreading butter on a piece of toast. On a forex chart, the spread is the difference between the bid and ask lines. The spread is the difference between the bid and the ask. Remember, the bid and ask prices are always from the perspective of the broker.

That’s because there is always a currency pair involved in forex trades. Margin trading in the financial markets is speculative and implies a high level of risk, including full loss of deposit. A currency price is often shown with two different quotes, as the price usually differs whether you want to buy or sell. If you are planning on selling a currency it will be exchanged at a Bid price.

While they are called minor pairs, some of them are still very popular among many traders like the above-mentioned EUR/GBP, EUR/CHF, GBP/JPY, and many more. In general, those minor pairs that include at least one currency that can also be found in a major pair are usually traded in high volumes. There are minor Forex pairs, which are also called currency cross pairs.

The bid price represents the amount of quote currency needed to receive one unit of the base currency. For example, in the EUR/USD currency pair, the US dollar is the quote currency which shows how much US dollars is necessary to buy one euro. When traders say they want to buy a EUR/USD currency pair , they actually want to sell their dollars and buy euros with that.

What is the Spread?

Liquidity is the ability to sell and buy something as quickly as possible. Some things are more liquid – can be easily bought or sold, while others are less liquid – it’s more difficult to sell/buy them. This hypothetical quote means that 1 USD is equal to.7352 EUR.

A currency pair is a price quote of the exchange rate for two different currencies traded in FX markets. James Chen, CMT is an expert trader, investment adviser, and global market strategist. Since every broker can have different rates, fees, and even available currency pairs, you might want to find a good forex broker for you before you start trading.

How do you convert one currency to another?

To convert from the base currency, we multiply by the exchange rate. Just like multiplying to apply a commodity price. Indeed, our base currency can be viewed as the commodity in the quote. Say we need to convert €8m into dollars, by applying the exchange rate EUR/USD 1.25.

In this case, the price of a EUR/JPY pair is the amount of yen needed to buy one euro. Now, it should be noted that the currency that is quoted first (the Euro in EUR/CAD) is the currency in which the transaction is taking place. So, buying or selling a currency pair, means that you are buying or selling the base currency (again, the Euro in EUR/CAD). With any Forex quote, remember that two currencies are going to be quoted. This is because when you trade in Forex, in effect you’re buying one currency and selling a second currency at the same time, or trading them. In forex trading, currencies are always quoted in pairs – that’s because you’re trading one country’s currency for another.

Forex and other leveraged products involve significant risk of loss and may not be suitable for all investors. Products that are traded on margin carry a risk that you may lose more than your initial deposit. Spot Gold and Silver contracts are not subject to regulation under the U.S. In the above example, you can see on the right that the last digit is two points higher than the last digit on the left. This is the broker’s «commission.» In other words, brokers make their money by buying currencies for slightly less than they sell them at. Every broker does it; it’s fully legal to work this way.

The price at which your broker will sell the base currency in exchange for the quote currency is called the ask. The ask price is the best price prevailing beaxy review at which you can buy from the market. If you want to buy a currency, your broker will sell or offer it to you at the prevailing ask price.

The GBP/AUD shows the relationship between the British pound and the Australian dollar. To know the price of a particular currency traders checks its quotation. An FX quote is basically an exchange rate or the price of one currency expressed in terms of another currency.

What is a Currency Pair?

I’d like to view’s products and services that are most suitable to meet my trading needs. Take control of your trading with powerful trading platforms and resources designed to give you an edge. Choose from standard, commissions, or DMA to get the right pricing model to fit your trading style and strategy. The binary options hedging strategy meaning of this hypothetical quote is that 1 USD equals .7352 EUR. If you divide 1 by .7352 the result is 1.36—the two results look different, but the relationship between the two currencies remains the same. Understanding these terms in a little more depth can help you as you get ready to set up your initial trades.

What is stronger pound or dollar?

The Bottom Line

Although the British pound is worth more than the U.S. dollar, the dollar is still a stronger currency due to its status as the world's reserve currency and its greater volume of trading in the forex markets.

A pip refers to the fourth decimal point out, or 1/100th of 1%. A pip is the smallest price increment tabulated by currency markets to establish the price of a currency pair. When an order is placed for a currency pair, the first listed currency or base currency is bought while the second listed currency in a currency pair or quote currency is sold. Contrary to what you may think when you begin exploring the forex market, a bid price is not the price you’ll bid when you want to buy a currency pair. A direct quote is a fixed amount of domestic currency against a variable amount of foreign currency. On the other hand, an indirect quote is a fixed amount of foreign currency against a variable amount of domestic currency.

When you’re buying, you’ll pay what the broker’s asking for the currency; when you’re selling, you’ll need to accept what the broker’s bidding. Forex trading is certainly nothing new, but COVID-19 and other events have led to an increase in its popularity. The leading forex trading apps have only made online currency trading more accessible to everyone. However, it’s important to know the basics before diving in. Typically it’s just the last decimal place that is expressed in pips.

Forex quotes and how to read them

For example, you will see a currency pair such as the EUR/USD. The base currency is always going to be the first one in the pair and the quote currency is going to be the second one. In this example, the EUR is the base and the USD is the quote currency. In the foreign exchange markets, there are 2 options; either buy or sell whichever works better for you. The Forex market is full of different currency pairs with various characteristics. In total, there are as many Forex pairs as the actual currencies in the world, which is somewhere around 180 right now.

reading forex quotes

An exchange rate is the value of a nation’s currency in terms of the currency of another nation or economic zone. The benefit of a 0.0 spread is it allows traders to know exactly what the spread is and that it won’t change during the trading process. If you plan to go on an African safari, you’ll probably be dealing with exotic pairs—and that can yield greater profits than trading Majors. However, it also comes with more risk, so pick your target.

In currency pair Forex quotes, the first currency is called the base currency, while the second one is called the quote currency. They represent how much you need to spend to buy a base currency vs quote currency. When reading Forex quotes, the first currency listed is called the base currency. The second currency listed is called the quote currency. Forex quotes show us the price relationship between two currencies. Usually these are times when it is expected that some important fundamental news is about to break .

Trading currency pairs is conducted in theforeign exchange market, also known as the forex market. It is the largest and mostliquid marketin the financial world. This market allows for the buying, selling, exchanging, and speculation of currencies. It also enables the conversion of currencies for international trade and investment.